Posted in Ideas & Impacts on Oct 30, 2020
One of the reasons discrimination persists is because the state – the institution whose responsibility it is to protect equality and human rights for all people are not able to understand what it feels like to be marginalised and discriminated against. Given all political and economic institutions in Myanmar are overwhelmingly led by older Bamar men it is perhaps unsurprising that, for example, the Hluttaw regularly brings forward legislation on economic matters that will help the government’s friends in business; but when asked to pass a law to protect women from domestic violence it takes over 8 years, and still has not been passed.
Posted in Ideas & Impacts on Oct 27, 2020
Public participation in the drafting of policies and laws is extremely limited. When consultation does take place, carefully selected organisations or businesses are invited to give views – others are barred. Some noted a bias in favour of international technical experts to the detriment of local knowledge and expertise. There are no consistently applied open public consultation standards.
Posted in Ideas & Impacts on Oct 21, 2020
Amendments to the Vacant, Fallow and Virgin Land Management Law (VFV Land Law) and the Land Acquisition, Resettlement and Rehabilitation Law (LAARL) are considered particular embarrassments, as they are poorly conceived and do little to protect people’s rights to their land, especially landholdings under customary systems of tenure. Ambiguities in new legislation allows decision makers to take arbitrary decisions about who owns land, evicting farmers whose families have worked plots for generations.
Posted in Ideas & Impacts on Oct 19, 2020
In 2019, nearly 100 protesters were charged for engaging in protests, such as anti-war protesters recently charged under the Penal Code. The Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession Law is vaguely worded, and in practice local authorities still think protesters require permission to protest. When peaceful protests do take place, the authorities primarily seek to control and/or shut them down, rather than protect and facilitate citizens’ right to protect.
Posted in Ideas & Impacts on Oct 16, 2020
In the absence of a strong independent court system, access to justice often depends on the ability of defendants to pay bribes; on the extent to which other branches of government wish to see a conviction and their undue influence on the process; and often on popular opinion. Frequently, therefore, those most marginalised in wider society are those with least access to impartial and fair treatment in the courts.
Posted in Ideas & Impacts on Oct 12, 2020
For many civil society organisations, a key step in the peace step in the process involves transitional or restorative justice, whereby state authorities openly acknowledge rights violations of the past and institute a process of justice and healing. In Myanmar it seems particularly difficult for military or civilian authorities to acknowledges past injustices, even though this has been instrumental in the peace processes of many other post-conflict societies.
Posted in Budget Transparency on Sep 30, 2020
၂၀၂၀-၂၀၂၁ ဘဏ္ဍာနှစ်အတွက် ရသုံးမှန်းခြေငွေစာရင်း(ဘတ်ဂျက်)ကို လွှတ်တော်က အတည်ပြုလိုက်ပြီး ဖြစ်ပါတယ်။ အတည်ပြုပေးလိုက်တဲ့ ဘတ်ဂျက်ရဲ့ အသုံးစရိတ်အပိုင်းမှာ ဘာတွေပါဝင်သလဲဆိုတာကို ဒီဆောင်းပါးမှာ အနှစ်ချုပ်ဆွေးနွေးတင်ပြသွားမှာ ဖြစ်ပါတယ်။
Posted in Legislative Research on Sep 01, 2020
As with most new legislation, there has been a disturbing lack of consultation and engagement with the public or financial experts on the design of this scheme, which would have been an opportunity to explore risks and opportunities of the various approaches in a measured and evidence-based manner. Instead, we (once again) have a hastily drawn up bill that will have a marked impact on many civil servants and the potential to severely harm the state of the our public finances, that appears not to have been the subject of any serious consultation or technical cost-benefit analysis.
Many people have fought long and hard for the right to vote in Myanmar. The UEC and all state institutions should be rejoicing in the opportunity people now have to freely discuss and debate political ideas ahead of the November poll. But instead, by frightening people with information about potential fines or imprisonment, they are sending out the opposite message.
Posted in Legislative Research on Aug 14, 2020
The CPF will affect all new personnel and those with fewer than 10 years of service, counted at the date the law comes into force. Civil service personnel with more than 10 years of service will be able to continue receiving benefits from the old system. The changes under the bill are planned begin in the coming fiscal year, and in the Budget Bill for the 2020-2021 FY, 100 billion kyat has been put for the implementation of the CPF.