• Bill Summary: Public Procurement and Disposal of Public Assets Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Dec 13, 2019

    The bill includes regulations for procurement, tender invitations, procurement from overseas companies, managing contracts, disposals, selling and renting state-owned property, cancelation of tender procedures, ethics for holders of political positions and government staff, and the formation of tribunals.

  • အားလုံးလက်လှမ်းမီ ကျန်းမာရေးအတွက် “များများသုံး၊ အကျိုးရှိရှိသုံး”

    Posted in Budget Transparency on Dec 12, 2019

    ဒီနေ့ ဒီဇင်ဘာလ ၁၂ ရက်ဟာ “အားလုံး လက်လှမ်းမီ လွှမ်းခြုံနိုင်သော ကျန်းမာရေးစောင့်ရှောက်မှု အထိမ်းအမှတ်နေ့” – Universal Health Coverage Day ဖြစ်ပါတယ်။ ကုလသမဂ္ဂက ၂၀၁၉ ခုနှစ်မှာ အားလုံးလက်လှမ်းမှီ လွှမ်းခြုံနိုင်သော ကျန်းမာရေးစောင့်ရှောက်မှုအတွက် အရေးကြီးတဲ့ တောင်းဆိုချက်ခြောက်ချက်နဲ့ ဆင်နွှဲမှာ ဖြစ်ပါတယ်။ အဲဒီထဲမှာ Investment More, Invest Better (များများသုံး၊ အကျိုးရှိရှိသုံး) ဆိုတဲ့ အချက် ပါဝင်တာဖြစ်တဲ့အတွက် အစိုးရဘတ်ဂျက်အချက်အလက်တွေ အများပြည်သူ အလွယ်တကူ ရရှိရေးဆောင်ရွက်နေတဲ့ အာနန္ဒာအနေနဲ့လည်း ဒီနှစ်အတွက် ကျန်းမာရေးဘတ်ဂျက်အခြေအနေကို သုံးသပ်တင်ပြရင်း တစ်တပ်တစ်အား ပါဝင်ဆင်နွှဲလိုက်ပါတယ်။

  • Bill Analysis – Marine Fisheries Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Dec 10, 2019

    In this bill analysis, the difference between marine fisheries bill and the existing laws – Fishing Rights of Foreign Fishing Vessels Law (1989) and Myanmar Marine Fisheries Law (1990) – will be explored and things to be considered before its enactment suggested.

  • Who interprets the law? The case of the Privacy Law and the Attorney General

    Posted in Legislative Research on Dec 05, 2019

    Although Prosecution and Prosecutor Directive No. 1/2019 issued by the Union Attorney General’s Office may be welcomed, whether the issuance of such a Directive is in line with correct procedure, under the concept of separation of powers, is open to question. In this article we examine this question.

  • Backgrounder: Marine Fisheries Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Nov 28, 2019

    This Bill is intended to replace the Fishing Rights of Foreign Fishing Vessels Law (1989) and Myanmar Marine Fisheries Law (1990), and to support sustainable development of the fishery sector, conserve marine ecosystems for fish and support research and technology relating to fisheries.

  • Parliamentary Ethics Series – 3 of 3 : Enforcing Parliamentary Ethics

    Posted in Legislative Research on Nov 18, 2019

    Potential breaches of the rules may be referred to the Speaker in the first instance, or directly to the regulatory body, whether external or an internal parliamentary committee. Investigations may follow and sanctions may vary form a period of suspension from parliament, to permanent exclusion, fines or even criminal proceedings.

  • Parliamentary Ethics Series – 2 of 3: From principles to practice

    Posted in Legislative Research on Nov 15, 2019

    Often, conflicts of interest are recorded in a register which is periodically updated. MPs are often also required to declare any interests at the start of a meeting. Sometimes rules may dictate that a conflict requires an MP to remove themselves from a particular meeting or vote.

  • Parliamentary Ethics Series – 1 of 3: Defining Ethical Principles

    Posted in Legislative Research on Nov 13, 2019

    Hluttaw Rights Committee set out their definitions of six principles of parliamentary ethics. However, in many ways the definitions were somewhat confusing or carried an emphasis that diverges from what we find as accepted ethical principles in other parliaments. Set out below, we take a look at the definitions offered by the committee, and below each have offered alternatives based on the UK’s ‘7 Principles of Public Life'.

  • A Step Forward for Democracy with the Electoral By-law Amendment

    Posted in Legislative Research on Nov 07, 2019

    Whilst neither the 2008 Constitution nor the Electoral Law stipulate the establishment of separate polling stations for military personnel and their families, previous elections have seen polling stations established in army compounds. An amendment is proposed to change this, requiring military personnel and their families to vote at the regular polling stations determined by the township election commission. This amendment creates a fair and equal platform for all citizens, military or civilian, to cast their vote without undue influence.

  • Bill Summary: Marine Fisheries Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Nov 05, 2019

    The Bill includes the processes for identifying fishing grounds, applying for fishery licences and issuance of fishery worker certificates, and includes various penalties for contravention.