• Backgrounder & Summary: Bar Council and Legal Practitioners Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Feb 27, 2020

    The bill sets out the membership and role of the Myanmar Bar Council and Regional Bar Councils, their duties and powers, and the process for applications to become an Apprentice Lawyer, Higher Grade Pleader or Advocate. It includes the duties and rights of lawyers, lawyer ethics, prohibitions and penalties, and the establishment of the fund to implement the law.

  • ၁၉-၂၀ ပညာရေး ဘတ်ဂျက်

    Posted in Budget Transparency on Feb 20, 2020

    ပညာရေးဝန်ကြီးဌာနက လက်ရှိ ၂၀၁၉-၂၀၂၀ ဘဏ္ဍာနှစ်အတွက် ကျပ်သန်းပေါင်း ၂,၆၉၃,၃၈၂.၉၈၂ သန်း သုံးစွဲဖို့ လျာထားပါတယ်။ ဒီထဲမှာ သာမန်အသုံးစရိတ်အတွက် စုစုပေါင်းရဲ့ ၇၂ % နဲ့ ၂၈ % ကတော့ ငွေလုံးငွေရင်း အသုံးစရိတ် ဖြစ်ပါတယ်။

  • Backgrounder & Summary: Amendment Bill on the Law Protecting the Privacy and Security of Citizens

    Posted in Legislative Research on Feb 20, 2020

    Another added provision is that the consent of related ministry must be secured before prosecution against violations. And prohibitions under the law and their penalties would not change under this amendment, but it is proposed to allow bail to be granted to suspected offenders.

  • Bill Analysis: Prevention and Protection of Violence Against Women Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Feb 19, 2020

    Note that these points are not comprehensive, but offer some critical reflections designed to raise awareness about the Bill and encourage further discussion. There are many dedicated specialist women’s rights groups in Myanmar who can offer greater insights.

  • Policy Briefing: Prevention of Violence Against Women

    Posted in Legislative Research on Feb 14, 2020

    The difficulties of legislating to protect women from violence are rooted in the fact that very often they directly challenge strongly held cultural beliefs, and patriarchal power. The list below is not comprehensive, but points to some of the tensions and challenges that policymakers and legislators may face when crafting such laws.

  • Backgrounder & Summary: Prevention and Protection of Violence Against Women Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Feb 05, 2020

    Myanmar is currently using the Penal Code to protect women against violence, two-thirds of which occurs in the home, yet there is not a separate law. The current bill posted on the website of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw has been in development since at least 2013.

  • ရန်ကုန်တိုင်းစာရင်းစစ်ချုပ်အစီရင်ခံစာ - ထုတ်လုပ်ရေးနဲ့ ဈေးများဌာန

    Posted in Budget Transparency on Feb 05, 2020

    ဌာနပိုင်မြေနဲ့ အဆောက်အဦတွေကို ငှားရမ်းတဲ့နေရာမှာ ငှားရမ်းခဟာ ကာလပေါက်ဈေးနဲ့ မကိုက်ညီတာ၊ ငှားရမ်းသူတွေက တခြားသူတွေကို ထပ်ဆင့်ငှားရမ်းတာကြောင့် နိုင်ငံတော်က ရသင့်ရထိုက်တဲ့ ဝင်ငွေတွေ ဆုံးရှုံးမှုဖြစ်ပေါ်နေတာကြောင့် ငှားရမ်းမှုတာဝန်ခံ စစ်ဆေးရေးအဖွဲ့တွေက ဒေသအလိုက် ကာလပေါက်ဈေးတွက်ချက်ပြီး သမ္မတရုံးညွှန်ကြားချက်တွေနဲ့အညီ ငှားရမ်းဆောင်ရွက်ကြဖို့ လိုအပ်နေတယ်လို့ တိုင်းစာရင်းစစ်ချုပ်က ဆိုထားပါတယ်။

  • Bill Analysis: Foreign Exchange Management Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Jan 31, 2020

    The bill precisely defines ‘standard’ and ‘non-standard’ gold. As for the latter, a permit from the CBM is not needed for personal use, and the direct trading in the country. Nevertheless, a permit is required for exporting/importing (and renting/borrowing within the country).

  • An Overview of the Two Constitution Amendment Bills currently before the Hluttaw (1)

    Posted in Legislative Research on Jan 30, 2020

    The two bills’ proposed amendments are identical to the 114 suggestions previously given to the Joint Amending Committee by the NLD, precisely representing the ruling party’s agenda. Of the 2008 Constitution’s 15 Chapters and appendix Schedules, only Chapter 2: State Structure; Chapter 15: General Provisions, and; Schedules are not proposed for amendment. There is only one terminological amendment in Chapter 10: Political Parties, and one amendment related to the national flag in Chapter 13: State Flag, State Seal, National Anthem and the Capital.

  • Policy Briefing - Central Banks

    Posted in Legislative Research on Jan 29, 2020

    A central bank is a financial institution that has control over the production and distribution of money and credit for a nation (or a group of nations). In modern economies, the central bank is usually responsible for monetary policy, and the regulation of banks.