ānanda data

Turning Data into Impact

Summary: Real Estate Services Bill

Service providers must hold a temporary license or license, and require Myanmar Investment Commission permit for joint operations with international partners. Want-to-be service providers are expected to register the business within one year, apply three-year temporary license, and apply license after attending the course.


Backgrounder: Real Estate Services Bill

AWhen the law is enacted, the government will tax the real estate services and collect information related to real estate dealings. The government is expected to use these data to inform policy making in the industry.


Summary: Basic Education Bill

The bill looks to promote the right to education through formal and non-formal education and lifelong education. It is purported to create a quality assurance system regarding the basic education. It also has clauses aiming at the decentralization of the basic education system to state/region governments.


Backgrounder: Basic Education Bill

Among the top priorities for the basic education sector stated in the National Strategic Plan initiated by the government includes involvement of the Region/State governments in the curriculum development. Promotion of ethnic language, literature and culture is on the list of priorities.


Summary: Educational Research, Planning and Training Bill

The bill states that its objectives are to collect better education statistics and to develop a curriculum framework for basic education, curricula and syllabi in line with the National Education Policy.


Summary: Rural Development Bill

The bill mainly focuses on “rural water supply, personal and environmental hygiene, electrification and rural housing”.


Backgrounder: Rural Development Bill

Rural Development Bill is the first bill submitted by the government to the parliament in 2019. One of the stated purposes of the bill is “to promote cooperation and participation of local people in implementation of rural development undertakings”.


What to expect from 11th session of Parliament

The eleventh session of the second Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (combined house) is set to start on 21 January 2019. The regular session tends to focus on the next budget bill discussions as the upcoming parliamentary meeting is the first regular session for the year 2019 and now is the time when the first quarter of the fiscal year is over. According to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Calendar, the regular session is expected to last until 15 March and other bills are likely to be discussed during the session.


Your Guide to 2018 By-elections

Here are some facts about each constituency.


Comparison of two submissions to the Constitutional Tribunal

Disputes over the 2008 Constitution, which has been heavily questioned for its legitimacy, were seen since the first tenure of the parliament. There had been legal disputes between the Constitution and laws made by the State Peace and Development Council government.


Who are interpreting the Constitution?

The Constitutional Tribunal is an organ of defending the fundamental rights of the citizens and resolving the conflicts among the three branches. The tribunal as an independent organization with the power to decide upon the disputes over the separation of powers can perform its functions without bias.


Tool: Lobby Diary

A tool that track public records of parliamentary bill committee meetings and witnesses present at these meetings. Mostly public offices are invited to the parliamentary committees to provide inputs on different legislations. Engagement of CSOs and NGSOs is still very limited.


Role of Supreme Court of the Union explained

Except matters related to bilateral treaties concluded by the State and constitutional disputes, the Supreme Court of the Union has original jurisdiction in the controversies arising between the Union government and the Region and State government, other disputes among the Regions, among the States, between the Region and the State and between the Union Territory and the Region or State.


Ruling party influence over election body

The president alone can impeach the commission chair or members while MPs are not allowed to put forward the impeachment. It almost makes the commission an executive body as there is only limited parliamentary oversight.


Failure to reform institutions another hurdle to advance democracy

A attempt by an lower house MP to reform the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission has recently failed in the National League for Democracy-controlled parliament.


Myanmar’s human rights commission explained

Myanmar National Human Rights Commission is of vital importance in fully realizing the rights of citizens and paving the way for emergence of a society where human dignity is fully guaranteed. It is required to amend the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission Law for ensuring complete and effective implementation of its functions.


Updates on land-related bills in parliament

There are three land-related bills under debate in the parliament. Almost all three bills were submitted around October and November, 2017. They are Land Acquisition Bill, Farmland Bill and Vacant Land, Fallow Land and Virgin Land Bill. Except VFVL Bill, debates of two other bills are paused since the end of 2017 and were again picked up in the run up to this session of the parliament.


Myanmar anti-corruption commission explained

The president and the house speakers can task the commission to launch investigations into corruption cases. MPs have the right to submit a proposal to the relevant house requesting investigation into a corruption case involving a public office holder, triggering an investigation through the house speaker.


Having no clue how a law is made in Myanmar?

Then, this interactive explainer is for you. You just need to answer a few questions to navigate the stage of the law you're tracking.