• Voting, Not Voting and the Right to Criticise

    Posted in Legislative Research on Aug 11, 2020

    Democracy might begin, but certainly does not end, with voting. As well as being able to periodically elect the government, citizens also have the right to ongoing participation in the policymaking process, and the day-to-day activities of government.

  • Voting, Not Voting and Democracy

    Posted in Legislative Research on Aug 06, 2020

    In a democracy, it is guaranteed in law that those above a certain age have the right to vote in the election, and in most democracies, including Myanmar, the right not to vote – to abstain – is also protected. Interestingly, some countries like India have inserted an alternative option of ‘none of the above’ on the ballot for those who dislike all parties or candidates. Known as the “right to reject”, it is enshrined in the election laws of those countries.

  • Backgrounder & Summary: Amendment Bill on The Defence Services Act, 1959

    Posted in Legislative Research on Jul 30, 2020

    The Act has been amended five times previously– in 1960, 1961, 1962, 1989 and 2010. The current amendment bill was drafted with reference to the Singapore Armed Forces Act, 1972 and The Indian Army Act, 1950. The reason given for proposing the amendment was to prevent impunity from punishment of soldiers who have committed an offence, and to maintain army discipline.

  • Amending the Constitution to Protect Human Rights

    Posted in Legislative Research on Jul 29, 2020

    There are many remaining requirements to be embedded in the governance of the country to respect and protect human rights – not least the need to respect gender equality and women’s rights, to ensure no one is discriminated against because of their ethnicity, and the need to protect workers’ rights. If changes cannot be made to protect everyone’s fundamental human rights, due to the lack of political will, and the time and cost of changing the constitution, the current Constitution is unlikely to ever be able to fulfil its functions.

  • ကိုဗစ်-၁၉ စီးပွားရေးသက်ရောက်မှု ကုစားရေး ချေးငွေများ

    Posted in Budget Transparency on Jul 07, 2020

    ကိုဗစ် - ၁၉ကြောင့် ဖြစ်ပေါ်လာနိုင်သည့် စီးပွားရေးသက်ရောက်မှုအပေါ် ကုစားရေးလုပ်ငန်းကော်မတီမှာ လုပ်ငန်းတာဝန် (၆) ရပ်ရှိပြီး “ပြည်တွင်း အသေးစား၊ အငယ်စားနှင့် အလတ်စားစီးပွားရေးလုပ်ငန်းများ အပေါ် COVID-19 ဖြစ်စဉ် သက်ရောက်မှုကြီးမားလာပါက အခွန်ကင်းလွတ်ခွင့်နှင့် သက်သာခွင့်များပေးရေး နိုင်ငံတော်သမ္မတရုံးသို့ သုံးသပ်တင်ပြရန်” နဲ့ “လိုအပ်ပါက ပြည်တွင်းစီးပွားရေးလုပ်ငန်းများအတွက် သက်သာသည့် အတိုးနှုန်းဖြင့် ချေးငွေများ ထုတ်ပေးနိုင်ရေး နိုင်ငံတော်သမ္မတရုံးသို့ သုံးသပ်တင်ပြရန်” ဆိုတဲ့ အချက်တွေ ပါဝင်ပါတယ်။ ဒီလုပ်ငန်းတာဝန်အတိုင်း စီးပွားရေးလုပ်ငန်းတွေကို အစိုးရက သက်သာတဲ့ အတိုးနှုန်းနဲ့ ချေးငွေချထားမှုတွေ စတင်ခဲ့တာဟာ အခုဆိုရင် သတ္တမအကြိမ်မြောက် ရှိနေပြီဖြစ်ပြီး လုပ်ငန်းပေါင်း ၃၄၀၁ ခုကို ချေးငွေချထားပေးပြီး ဖြစ်ပါတယ်။

  • Backgrounder & Summary: Amendment Bill on the Code of Civil Procedure

    Posted in Legislative Research on Jun 11, 2020

    The current amendment bill may be linked with the court-led mediation programme, as there is a new provision being proposed for adding into the Chapter “Arbitration” under the “Part V. Special Proceedings” of the Code of Civil Procedure. The bill includes provisions explaining mediation, which cases can be resolved by the court in this way, and how, and how to verify agreements reached during the process.

  • Backgrounder & Summary: Medical Device Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on May 25, 2020

    The bill includes provisions relating to the classification of medical devices, including conformity assessment, registration, application for licenses and recommendations, as well as labeling, advertisement, market monitoring and reporting of adverse effects, and clinical investigation.

  • Backgrounder & Summary: Direct Selling Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on May 22, 2020

    Sales representatives have duty and rights – the disclosure of addresses while advertising goods/services, the prior explanation of side effects and additional costs to the consumer before the sales, the recording of the sales, and complaints about employers to the Department.

  • Bill Analysis: Bill for People Living with HIV and Their Families

    Posted in Legislative Research on May 21, 2020

    Section 25 (b) says that those receiving healthcare services should not be arrested, disturbed, stopped and limited, if not within the law, based on their gender identity, sexual orientation and/or if they are a sex worker. This protects rights on one hand, however implies that arrest is allowed while receiving such care. And the phrase “within the law” should be carefully considered in the Myanmar context, where sex workers are criminalized.

  • Backgrounder & Summary: Commercial Maritime Canal Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on May 16, 2020

    The bill includes provisions relating to the duties and powers of the relevant ministry and department, duties of canal officers, maritime supervisors, customs officers and heads of vessels, and related prohibitions.