Posted in Legislative Research on Apr 29, 2020
Once the current bill is approved, The Underground Water Act (Burma Act No. IV) will be revoked. The bill includes provisions relating to applications for drilling permits, groundwater use permits and business licences, and the extension of licence tenure, and prohibitions.
Posted in Legislative Research on Apr 10, 2020
The most relevant laws being applied during the COVID-19 pandemic are the Natural Disaster Management Law, the Prevention and Control of Communicable Diseases Law and the Essential Supplies And Services Law. Other laws such as the Burma Immigration Act, Registration of Foreigners Act and some articles of the Penal Code are also being used during this pandemic period.
Posted in Legislative Research on Apr 08, 2020
Concerning communicable disease, the existing law says it overrides the Myanmar Public Health Law (1972); however, it is unknown about whether it also overrides other laws like the Natural Disaster Management Law (2013). In the new bill, Article 44 claims that only this law will be used for the case of communicable disease. Thus, this can avoid conflict with other laws and avoid overlapping powers, hopefully restricting the arbitrary use of whichever laws best fit an official’s preconceived objectives.
Posted in Legislative Research on Apr 07, 2020
The bill will become the first dedicated law for commercial laboratories, if approved. It is known that bill drafting started at least two years ago, led by Myanmar’s Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Once approved, the new law will be related with other laws such as National Drug Law, National Food Law and Consumer Protection Law.
Making the right decisions, at the right time, is extremely difficult for policymakers in the face of such an unprecedented global event. Severe restrictions on movement will have major implications for the economy and are likely to be socially and politically destabilising.
Posted in Legislative Research on Mar 26, 2020
Many countries delay bringing laws into force following their approval by legislatures and final assent. Reasons for this vary, depending to a significant extent on the specific constitutional arrangements in each country.
Since all these promises which are peace, rule of law and Constitution amendment demand a long-term effort, expecting the NLD to have fulfilled them already is probably unfair. However, the question of whether the party has built a good foundation is, on the other hand, a reasonable query. One such foundation to these challenges – trust-building – is perhaps the most important for a conflict-torn country like Myanmar.
Posted in Legislative Research on Mar 18, 2020
The bill includes provisions relating to prevention, surveillance and responding to communicable diseases, reporting disease outbreaks, quarantine, and the prevention and control of disease at international ports of entry.
A comparative look at Myanmar’s Social Security Board and equivalent arrangements in other countries
Posted in Legislative Research on Mar 16, 2020
In spite of reforms the SSB seems to remain unable to spend the funds it is collecting, even though many view its services as poor quality and in need of improvements. This is of particular interest currently because the government is claiming it is unable to offer compensation to workers affected by the recent global coronavirus outbreak. Due to a lack of orders and raw materials, many workers are being sent home, and there is no financial support available to these families who will be severely affected by a loss of income.
Posted in Legislative Research on Mar 12, 2020
Previously the power over registration was with the Union Supreme Court, but this bill transfers the responsibility to the Myanmar Bar Council (MBC) and Regional Bar Councils (RBC). Councils will mostly comprise elected advocates. This piece will compare the new bill with The Bar Council Act and The Legal Practitioners Act, and provide some recommendations.