• Backgrounder & Summary: Amendment Bill on The Defence Services Act, 1959

    Posted in Legislative Research on Jul 30, 2020

    The Act has been amended five times previously– in 1960, 1961, 1962, 1989 and 2010. The current amendment bill was drafted with reference to the Singapore Armed Forces Act, 1972 and The Indian Army Act, 1950. The reason given for proposing the amendment was to prevent impunity from punishment of soldiers who have committed an offence, and to maintain army discipline.

  • ပြင်ဆင်ရေး အားထုတ်ခဲ့မှုများနှင့် လူမှုအပြောင်းအလဲထက် နောက်ကျနေဆဲ ဖွဲ့စည်းပုံအခြေခံဥပဒေ

    Posted in Legislative Research on Jul 29, 2020

    လူ့အခွင့်အရေးမှသည် အမျိုးသမီးအခွင့်အရေး၊ တိုင်းရင်းသားအခွင့်အရေး နဲ့ အလုပ်သမားအခွင့်အရေးအထိ ကျယ်ပြန့်ထိရောက်တဲ့ အကာအကွယ်၊ အာမခံတွေ တောင်းဆိုနေတာကို တွေ့နိုင်မှာ ဖြစ်ပါတယ်။ ဒီလို အပြောင်းအလဲ၊ တောင်းဆိုမှုနဲ့ လိုလားမှုတွေအတွက် ၂၀၀၈ ဖွဲ့စည်းပုံအခြေခံဥပဒေကို ပြင်ဆင်ဖို့ အချိန်နဲ့ အကုန်အကျတွေ များပြားနေရင် ဖွဲ့စည်းပုံအခြေခံဥပဒေတစ်ရပ်ရဲ့ လုပ်ငန်းဆောင်တာကို ပျက်ကွက်ရာ ကျပါမယ်။ အဲဒါကြောင့် လူမှုအသိုင်းအဝိုင်းကိုအပြောင်းအလဲနဲ့အညီ လိုက်ပါပြောင်းလဲပေးနိုင်ဖို့အတွက် ဖွဲ့စည်းပုံအခြေခံဥပဒေ ပြင်ဆင်ခြင်းဆိုင်ရာ အဟန့်အတားတွေကို သက်ဆိုင်သူအားလုံးအနေနဲ့ ဓမ္မဓိဋ္ဌာန်ကျကျ စဉ်းစားသုံးသပ်မှသာ လူမှုရေးပဋိဉာဉ်တစ်ခုဖြစ်တဲ့ ဖွဲ့စည်းပုံအခြေခံဥပဒေဟာ ပြည်သူတစ်ရပ်လုံးကို ကိုယ်စားပြုနိုင်မှာ ဖြစ်ပါတယ်။

  • Backgrounder & Summary: Amendment Bill on the Code of Civil Procedure

    Posted in Legislative Research on Jun 11, 2020

    The current amendment bill may be linked with the court-led mediation programme, as there is a new provision being proposed for adding into the Chapter “Arbitration” under the “Part V. Special Proceedings” of the Code of Civil Procedure. The bill includes provisions explaining mediation, which cases can be resolved by the court in this way, and how, and how to verify agreements reached during the process.

  • Backgrounder & Summary: Medical Device Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on May 25, 2020

    The bill includes provisions relating to the classification of medical devices, including conformity assessment, registration, application for licenses and recommendations, as well as labeling, advertisement, market monitoring and reporting of adverse effects, and clinical investigation.

  • Backgrounder & Summary: Direct Selling Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on May 22, 2020

    Sales representatives have duty and rights – the disclosure of addresses while advertising goods/services, the prior explanation of side effects and additional costs to the consumer before the sales, the recording of the sales, and complaints about employers to the Department.

  • Bill Analysis: Bill for People Living with HIV and Their Families

    Posted in Legislative Research on May 21, 2020

    Section 25 (b) says that those receiving healthcare services should not be arrested, disturbed, stopped and limited, if not within the law, based on their gender identity, sexual orientation and/or if they are a sex worker. This protects rights on one hand, however implies that arrest is allowed while receiving such care. And the phrase “within the law” should be carefully considered in the Myanmar context, where sex workers are criminalized.

  • Backgrounder & Summary: Commercial Maritime Canal Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on May 16, 2020

    The bill includes provisions relating to the duties and powers of the relevant ministry and department, duties of canal officers, maritime supervisors, customs officers and heads of vessels, and related prohibitions.

  • Planning and Funding the Covid-19 Response in Myanmar: Suggested questions for Hluttaw MPs

    Posted in Legislative Research on May 15, 2020

    Following our March policy briefing on communicable diseases, The Ananda has worked with the Westminster Foundation for Democracy (WFD) to produce this policy brief with a selection of suggested questions from MPs to the government, ahead of the reconvening of Hluttaw on 18th May 2020. These questions could be raised during the debate.

  • Backgrounder & Summary: Bill for People Living with HIV and Their Family

    Posted in Legislative Research on May 13, 2020

    The bill includes provisions relating to the formation of a committee, the duties and rights of PLHIV, the rights of their families and other people considered more at risk from infection. It also covers the disclosure of information, testing and various prohibitions.

  • Bill Analysis: Groundwater Management Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on May 04, 2020

    The bill says that drilling permits should be applied to relevant working groups, and when drilling is not complete during the prescribed period, an extension must be applied for to the same working group. However, the bill also says that the Region/State working group or its authorised team will conduct field examinations and extensions. Again, the different roles of township and state/region working groups are not clear, nor how they will coordinate.