Posted in Legislative Research on May 15, 2020
Following our March policy briefing on communicable diseases, The Ananda has worked with the Westminster Foundation for Democracy (WFD) to produce this policy brief with a selection of suggested questions from MPs to the government, ahead of the reconvening of Hluttaw on 18th May 2020. These questions could be raised during the debate.
Posted in Budget Transparency on May 14, 2020
The additional budget requests are stemmed mainly from personnel costs such as salaries, emoluments, travel allowances and pensions, debt repayments, costs incurred from increases in tax rates and electricity bill (for state-owned enterprises), costs for pending aids/loans, ongoing construction projects and compensations for land acquisitions.
Posted in Legislative Research on May 13, 2020
The bill includes provisions relating to the formation of a committee, the duties and rights of PLHIV, the rights of their families and other people considered more at risk from infection. It also covers the disclosure of information, testing and various prohibitions.
Posted in Legislative Research on May 04, 2020
The bill says that drilling permits should be applied to relevant working groups, and when drilling is not complete during the prescribed period, an extension must be applied for to the same working group. However, the bill also says that the Region/State working group or its authorised team will conduct field examinations and extensions. Again, the different roles of township and state/region working groups are not clear, nor how they will coordinate.
Posted in Legislative Research on Apr 29, 2020
Once the current bill is approved, The Underground Water Act (Burma Act No. IV) will be revoked. The bill includes provisions relating to applications for drilling permits, groundwater use permits and business licences, and the extension of licence tenure, and prohibitions.
Posted in Legislative Research on Apr 10, 2020
The most relevant laws being applied during the COVID-19 pandemic are the Natural Disaster Management Law, the Prevention and Control of Communicable Diseases Law and the Essential Supplies And Services Law. Other laws such as the Burma Immigration Act, Registration of Foreigners Act and some articles of the Penal Code are also being used during this pandemic period.
Posted in Legislative Research on Apr 08, 2020
Concerning communicable disease, the existing law says it overrides the Myanmar Public Health Law (1972); however, it is unknown about whether it also overrides other laws like the Natural Disaster Management Law (2013). In the new bill, Article 44 claims that only this law will be used for the case of communicable disease. Thus, this can avoid conflict with other laws and avoid overlapping powers, hopefully restricting the arbitrary use of whichever laws best fit an official’s preconceived objectives.
Posted in Legislative Research on Apr 07, 2020
The bill will become the first dedicated law for commercial laboratories, if approved. It is known that bill drafting started at least two years ago, led by Myanmar’s Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Once approved, the new law will be related with other laws such as National Drug Law, National Food Law and Consumer Protection Law.
Making the right decisions, at the right time, is extremely difficult for policymakers in the face of such an unprecedented global event. Severe restrictions on movement will have major implications for the economy and are likely to be socially and politically destabilising.
Posted in Legislative Research on Mar 26, 2020
Many countries delay bringing laws into force following their approval by legislatures and final assent. Reasons for this vary, depending to a significant extent on the specific constitutional arrangements in each country.