Posted in Legislative Research on Mar 05, 2020
The bill includes provisions which are intended to align minimum wage law with other new laws, removes those which are viewed as only necessary in the by-law, or are overlapping with other laws, and various changes to the legal language used.
Posted in Legislative Research on Feb 27, 2020
The bill sets out the membership and role of the Myanmar Bar Council and Regional Bar Councils, their duties and powers, and the process for applications to become an Apprentice Lawyer, Higher Grade Pleader or Advocate. It includes the duties and rights of lawyers, lawyer ethics, prohibitions and penalties, and the establishment of the fund to implement the law.
Posted in Legislative Research on Feb 20, 2020
Another added provision is that the consent of related ministry must be secured before prosecution against violations. And prohibitions under the law and their penalties would not change under this amendment, but it is proposed to allow bail to be granted to suspected offenders.
Posted in Legislative Research on Feb 19, 2020
Note that these points are not comprehensive, but offer some critical reflections designed to raise awareness about the Bill and encourage further discussion. There are many dedicated specialist women’s rights groups in Myanmar who can offer greater insights.
Posted in Legislative Research on Feb 14, 2020
The difficulties of legislating to protect women from violence are rooted in the fact that very often they directly challenge strongly held cultural beliefs, and patriarchal power. The list below is not comprehensive, but points to some of the tensions and challenges that policymakers and legislators may face when crafting such laws.
Posted in Legislative Research on Feb 05, 2020
Myanmar is currently using the Penal Code to protect women against violence, two-thirds of which occurs in the home, yet there is not a separate law. The current bill posted on the website of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw has been in development since at least 2013.
Posted in Legislative Research on Jan 31, 2020
The bill precisely defines ‘standard’ and ‘non-standard’ gold. As for the latter, a permit from the CBM is not needed for personal use, and the direct trading in the country. Nevertheless, a permit is required for exporting/importing (and renting/borrowing within the country).
Posted in Legislative Research on Jan 30, 2020
The two bills’ proposed amendments are identical to the 114 suggestions previously given to the Joint Amending Committee by the NLD, precisely representing the ruling party’s agenda. Of the 2008 Constitution’s 15 Chapters and appendix Schedules, only Chapter 2: State Structure; Chapter 15: General Provisions, and; Schedules are not proposed for amendment. There is only one terminological amendment in Chapter 10: Political Parties, and one amendment related to the national flag in Chapter 13: State Flag, State Seal, National Anthem and the Capital.
Posted in Legislative Research on Jan 29, 2020
A central bank is a financial institution that has control over the production and distribution of money and credit for a nation (or a group of nations). In modern economies, the central bank is usually responsible for monetary policy, and the regulation of banks.
Posted in Legislative Research on Jan 27, 2020
As the name suggests, microfinance refers to small (micro) loans (finance). It is most strongly associated with rural development due to the seasonal nature of agriculture and the importance of credit for farmers, where finance is used for: seasonal production inputs, long-term investments, regular consumption needs, unplanned consumption needs and meeting other outstanding debts.