• Policy Briefing - Public Procurement

    Posted in Budget Transparency, Legislative Research on Jan 22, 2020

    Most of the well-established principles and procedures for managing public procurement are concenred with reducing the risk of corruption. ‘Government procurement involves a high risk of corruption because of the great size of financial turnover and the complexity of many procurement processes in which businesses interact very closely with politicians and civil servants. Often the personal interests of the public officials are not the same as the interests of the public.

  • Is it possible to finish amending the Constitution in Hluttaw?

    Posted in Legislative Research on Jan 22, 2020

    Two bills which will be submitted by the Committee, representing the final outcome to emerge from the 3766 suggestions received. Those suggestions were submitted to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on 15th of July 2019. Among them, 114 are from the NLD and the rest from other parties.

  • Bill Analysis: Public Procurement and Disposal of Fixed Assets Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Jan 17, 2020

    This bill is submitted with the purpose of establishing effective principles and methods for the management of public budget and assets. There are two main parts: public procurement and disposal of fixed assets; and the selling and renting public assets. In this analysis, the aspects of decentralisation, transparency, responsibility and accountability have been examined.

  • Bill Analysis: The Microfinance Business Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Jan 14, 2020

    The bill also broadly implies this credit-plus approach. For example, microfinance businesses will be required to comply with Client Protection Principles providing financial knowledge to its members. However, motoring and enforcement of such a provision will create an additional burden and remains to be seen whether this will be implemented in practice.

  • Backgrounder: Public Procurement and Disposal of Public Assets Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Dec 23, 2019

    Strategy 3.6.2 of the MSDP is to promote PPP (public-private partnership) mechanisms which facilitate the development of commercially viable infrastructure projects through greater public-private sector collaboration, so as to create conditions for a robust PPP program in Myanmar that gives the government a modality for procuring needed infrastructure services and achieving value for money.

  • Bill Summary: Public Procurement and Disposal of Public Assets Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Dec 13, 2019

    The bill includes regulations for procurement, tender invitations, procurement from overseas companies, managing contracts, disposals, selling and renting state-owned property, cancelation of tender procedures, ethics for holders of political positions and government staff, and the formation of tribunals.

  • Bill Analysis – Marine Fisheries Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Dec 10, 2019

    In this bill analysis, the difference between marine fisheries bill and the existing laws – Fishing Rights of Foreign Fishing Vessels Law (1989) and Myanmar Marine Fisheries Law (1990) – will be explored and things to be considered before its enactment suggested.

  • Who interprets the law? The case of the Privacy Law and the Attorney General

    Posted in Legislative Research on Dec 05, 2019

    Although Prosecution and Prosecutor Directive No. 1/2019 issued by the Union Attorney General’s Office may be welcomed, whether the issuance of such a Directive is in line with correct procedure, under the concept of separation of powers, is open to question. In this article we examine this question.

  • Backgrounder: Marine Fisheries Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Nov 28, 2019

    This Bill is intended to replace the Fishing Rights of Foreign Fishing Vessels Law (1989) and Myanmar Marine Fisheries Law (1990), and to support sustainable development of the fishery sector, conserve marine ecosystems for fish and support research and technology relating to fisheries.

  • Parliamentary Ethics Series – 3 of 3 : Enforcing Parliamentary Ethics

    Posted in Legislative Research on Nov 18, 2019

    Potential breaches of the rules may be referred to the Speaker in the first instance, or directly to the regulatory body, whether external or an internal parliamentary committee. Investigations may follow and sanctions may vary form a period of suspension from parliament, to permanent exclusion, fines or even criminal proceedings.