• Bill Analysis: Prevention and Control of Communicable Disease Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Apr 08, 2020

    Concerning communicable disease, the existing law says it overrides the Myanmar Public Health Law (1972); however, it is unknown about whether it also overrides other laws like the Natural Disaster Management Law (2013). In the new bill, Article 44 claims that only this law will be used for the case of communicable disease. Thus, this can avoid conflict with other laws and avoid overlapping powers, hopefully restricting the arbitrary use of whichever laws best fit an official’s preconceived objectives.

  • Backgrounder & Summary: Food, Drugs, Medical Devices and Cosmetics Laboratory Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Apr 07, 2020

    The bill will become the first dedicated law for commercial laboratories, if approved. It is known that bill drafting started at least two years ago, led by Myanmar’s Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Once approved, the new law will be related with other laws such as National Drug Law, National Food Law and Consumer Protection Law.

  • Policy Briefing: Control of Communicable Diseases

    Posted in Ideas & Impacts, Legislative Research on Mar 30, 2020

    Making the right decisions, at the right time, is extremely difficult for policymakers in the face of such an unprecedented global event. Severe restrictions on movement will have major implications for the economy and are likely to be socially and politically destabilising.

  • What happens when a law needs further presidential notification to come into effect

    Posted in Legislative Research on Mar 26, 2020

    Many countries delay bringing laws into force following their approval by legislatures and final assent. Reasons for this vary, depending to a significant extent on the specific constitutional arrangements in each country.

  • Amending the Constitution: Reflecting on One Year and Seven Days in the Hluttaw

    Posted in Ideas & Impacts, Legislative Research on Mar 26, 2020

    Since all these promises which are peace, rule of law and Constitution amendment demand a long-term effort, expecting the NLD to have fulfilled them already is probably unfair. However, the question of whether the party has built a good foundation is, on the other hand, a reasonable query. One such foundation to these challenges – trust-building – is perhaps the most important for a conflict-torn country like Myanmar.

  • Backgrounder & Summary: Prevention and Control of Communicable Disease Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Mar 18, 2020

    The bill includes provisions relating to prevention, surveillance and responding to communicable diseases, reporting disease outbreaks, quarantine, and the prevention and control of disease at international ports of entry.

  • A comparative look at Myanmar’s Social Security Board and equivalent arrangements in other countries

    Posted in Legislative Research on Mar 16, 2020

    In spite of reforms the SSB seems to remain unable to spend the funds it is collecting, even though many view its services as poor quality and in need of improvements. This is of particular interest currently because the government is claiming it is unable to offer compensation to workers affected by the recent global coronavirus outbreak. Due to a lack of orders and raw materials, many workers are being sent home, and there is no financial support available to these families who will be severely affected by a loss of income.

  • Bill Analysis: Bar Council and Legal Practitioners Bill

    Posted in Legislative Research on Mar 12, 2020

    Previously the power over registration was with the Union Supreme Court, but this bill transfers the responsibility to the Myanmar Bar Council (MBC) and Regional Bar Councils (RBC). Councils will mostly comprise elected advocates. This piece will compare the new bill with The Bar Council Act and The Legal Practitioners Act, and provide some recommendations.

  • Policy Briefing: Bar Councils

    Posted in Legislative Research on Mar 12, 2020

    Of central importance for systems of justice is the independence of the legal profession. This is because democracies are established on the principle of equality, including the equality of all people before the law.

  • Policy Briefing: Minimum Wages

    Posted in Legislative Research on Mar 06, 2020

    Whilst government representatives have said that the national committee studies the gross domestic product and cost of living, it is not fully transparent in how it makes it decisions, unlike, for example the UK’s Low Pay Commission, which publishes all of its reports and transparency data.