• Backgrounder: Myanmar Medical Council Amendment Bill

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Sep 04, 2019

    The principles and rules of procedure concerning revocation of registration certificates by the MC should be reconsidered. As a general principle for all good laws, avenues of redress must be created so that medical practitioners can appeal such decisions to a higher authority, perhaps to the Ministry of Health and Sports (MoHS), and beyond that in the courts.

  • Bill Summary: Myanmar Medical Council Amendment Bill

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Sep 04, 2019

    Registration certificate can be reapplied after being revoked. The original law has said that a registered medical practitioner could be deleted from the registration for the use of prohibited drug, the violation of offense and the absence of ethics, but there is no clause about reapplication. However, this amendment bill claims that those doctors could reapply after acknowledging and changing themselves and the council would reconsider to issue the registration certificate.

  • Backgrounder: The Use of the Red Cross Emblem Bill

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Sep 03, 2019

    Currently, as Myanmar is torn with the prolonged civil war, there should be no hesitation in helping local people, the internally displaced and any others caught up in conflict. Unnecessary hesitation could lead to worsening injury and loss of life. Therefore, to hasten the provision of life-saving care in wartime, permission, if required, should be simply applied for in one place, whether the MoHS or the MRCS.

  • Backgrounder: Petroleum Testing, Drilling and Processing Bill

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Aug 29, 2019

    The Petroleum Testing, Drilling and Processing Bill was submitted in 2018 but the Hluttaw did not discuss it. The 2019 Bill is a new version of the previous one, and is more systematic through the reduction of some clauses. In addition, since the Bill incorporates a clause for public information about contracts, it appears to provide a constructive step to counter criticism from the general public and civil society organisations about lack of transparency. However, the bill has other weak points.

  • Bill Summary: Bago Region’s Contract Farming Bill

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Aug 27, 2019

    The contract must be made with the supervision of supervisory committee members and other witnesses, and the quality of agricultural products will be examined by the agricultural department. Supervisory committees have to monitor the development of contract farming, and the regional committee will support this with a research team.

  • Bill Summary: Petroleum Testing, Drilling and Processing Bill

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Aug 21, 2019

    The Ministry can allow MOGE to conduct any activities relating to the petroleum industry supply chain in reserved blocks. With the permission of the Ministry, MOGE can extract itself but also work through cooperation with another company/organization, with the consent of the Union Government.

  • Bill Summary: The Use of the Red Cross Emblem Bill

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Aug 20, 2019

    The Bill includes forbidding inappropriate use carries penalties of imprisonment of a maximum of 20 years. False use of emblems must be retaken from the market within one year.

  • Bill Summary: Animal Health and Breeding Development Bill

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Aug 15, 2019

    This Bill aims to develop animal health and breeding; to help meet demand from local and foreign markets for quality animal products; to prevent animal disease, and; to regulate breeding farms and compounds.

  • Backgrounder: Animal Health and Breeding Development Bill

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Aug 15, 2019

    If the bill is approved, the Animal Health and Development Law 1993 will be revoked. The 1993 Law was the first law seeking to regulate livestock following Independence. Before this, there was the Live-Stock Importation Act 1898, the Glanders and Farcy Act 1899, the Dourine Act 1910, the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1930 and the Animal Pests Act 1939.

  • Proposed amendments to Election Law: A political paradox?

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Aug 07, 2019

    Holding a by-election for vacant seats is essential in order that voters from that constituency have political representation in the Hluttaw. The importance of members of the public remaining properly represented in their parliament should be the core consideration when reviewing any changes to by-election rules. Handing full powers to the UEC to determine when to hold by-elections, without clear time limits, makes the UEC less accountable to constituents and risks leaving the UEC open to manipulation for political ends.