• Parliamentary Ethics Series – 3 of 3 : Enforcing Parliamentary Ethics

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Nov 18, 2019

    Potential breaches of the rules may be referred to the Speaker in the first instance, or directly to the regulatory body, whether external or an internal parliamentary committee. Investigations may follow and sanctions may vary form a period of suspension from parliament, to permanent exclusion, fines or even criminal proceedings.

  • Parliamentary Ethics Series – 2 of 3: From principles to practice

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Nov 15, 2019

    Often, conflicts of interest are recorded in a register which is periodically updated. MPs are often also required to declare any interests at the start of a meeting. Sometimes rules may dictate that a conflict requires an MP to remove themselves from a particular meeting or vote.

  • Parliamentary Ethics Series – 1 of 3: Defining Ethical Principles

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Nov 13, 2019

    Hluttaw Rights Committee set out their definitions of six principles of parliamentary ethics. However, in many ways the definitions were somewhat confusing or carried an emphasis that diverges from what we find as accepted ethical principles in other parliaments. Set out below, we take a look at the definitions offered by the committee, and below each have offered alternatives based on the UK’s ‘7 Principles of Public Life'.

  • A Step Forward for Democracy with the Electoral By-law Amendment

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Nov 07, 2019

    Whilst neither the 2008 Constitution nor the Electoral Law stipulate the establishment of separate polling stations for military personnel and their families, previous elections have seen polling stations established in army compounds. An amendment is proposed to change this, requiring military personnel and their families to vote at the regular polling stations determined by the township election commission. This amendment creates a fair and equal platform for all citizens, military or civilian, to cast their vote without undue influence.

  • Bill Summary: Marine Fisheries Bill

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Nov 05, 2019

    The Bill includes the processes for identifying fishing grounds, applying for fishery licences and issuance of fishery worker certificates, and includes various penalties for contravention.

  • Bill Analysis: Myanmar Telecommunication Commission Bill

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Nov 04, 2019

    Does creating a Commission with a ‘Union Minister level’ Chair effectively create a new Ministry, and therefore contradict the NLD manifesto commitment to “reduce the number of government ministries in order to decrease government expenditure and establish a lean and efficient government.”?

  • Backgrounder: The Microfinance Business Bill

    Posted in Legislative Analysis, Political Institutions on Oct 31, 2019

    During the 12th regular session of Second Hluttaw, the Pyithu Hluttaw Banking and Financial Development Committee submitted a report about microfinance. It was a post-legislative scrutiny study, and in the report (dated 21/05/2019), the committee suggested a new updated law be drafted. The report included observations, findings and analysis, that emphasise the need for a new law.

  • Bill Summary: The Microfinance Business Bill

    Posted in Budget Transparency, Legislative Analysis on Oct 29, 2019

    The organisations which wish to run microfinance business must be those established with Myanmar Companies Law and Partnership Law. Issuing or suspending or revoking licence for the microfinance organisation has to be announced in the Myanmar Gazette.

  • ပွင့်လင်းမြင်သာမှု နမူနာများ - တောင်ကိုရီးယားနိုင်ငံရဲ့ ပွင့်လင်းအစိုးရ

    Posted in Political Institutions, Transparency on Oct 23, 2019

    သတိပြုသင့်တဲ့ အချက်က ဒီလိုအောင်မြင်မှုတွေကို တောင်ကိုရီးယား အစိုးရနဲ့ အရပ်ဘက်အဖွဲ့အစည်းတွေ ပူးပေါင်းဆောင်ရွက်မှုကနေ တစ်ဆင့် ရရှိခဲ့တာဖြစ်တယ်ဆိုတဲ့ အချက်ဖြစ်ပါတယ်။ တခါ ပူးပေါင်းဆောင်ရွက်ခြင်း၊ တစ်ခါတစ်ရံ အစိုးရရဲ့ အားနည်းချက်တွေကို ထုတ်ဖော်ပြီး အစိုးရကို ဖိအားပေးခြင်းနည်းလမ်းတွေနဲ့ အရပ်ဘက် အဖွဲ့အစည်းတွေဟာ အစိုးရကို ပြည်သူလူထု အကျိုးစီးပွားအတွက် ဆောင်ရွက်ဖို့ တွန်းအားပေးနိုင်ခဲ့ကြပါတယ်။

  • အာနန္ဒာမှာ ဘာလို့ ပွင့်လင်းမြင်သာမှု နမူနာတွေကို ဖော်ပြနေရသလဲ

    Posted in Political Institutions, Transparency on Oct 23, 2019

    လူတိုင်း မဲပေးပိုင်ခွင့်နဲ့ အတူ လွတ်လပ်တဲ့ ရွေးကောက်ပွဲတွေဟာ ကိုယ်စားပြုဒီမိုကရေစီ စနစ်ရဲ့ အဓိက အစိတ်အပိုင်းတွေ ဖြစ်ပေမယ့် ဒီမိုကရေစီစနစ်မှာ ပြည်သူတွေရဲ့ ပါဝင်ပတ်သက်မှုဟာ အဲဒီနေရာ နှစ်ခုမှာပဲ အဆုံးသတ် သွားဖို့တော့ မဟုတ်ပါ။ ဘာဖြစ်လို့လဲဆိုတော့ အာဏာဟာ ဖောက်ပြန်ပျက်စီးတက်စေတဲ့ သဘော ရှိတယ်ဆိုတဲ့ အခြေခံ သဘောတရားကြောင့် ဖြစ်ပါတယ်။